A Re-analysis of a Recurrent Sociological Proposition with Contemporary Data
In an article for the internationally well-known social science journal SOCIOLOGIA – Slovak Sociological Review (website:http://www.sav.sk/index.php?lang=sk&charset=&doc=journal-list&journal_no=36&lang_change=en
) Tausch* and Heshmati* reconsider the effects of direct foreign investments on the host countries around the globe. A number of sociological analyses (Bandelji 2009 and Mahutga – Bandelji 2008), already applied such a question to Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Is the growing penetration of host countries of multinational investment heralding the promised lands of stable economic growth and social cohesion, or is instead social polarization around the corner? In their re-analysis with contemporary data of one of the most influential essays ever published in international sociology (Bornschier – Chase-Dunn – Rubinson 1978), which predicted that direct foreign investment will increase economic inequality and that it will have a short-term dynamic, but a long-term stagnation effect on the economic growth of the host countries (Bornschier – Chase-Dunn – Rubinson 1978: 651), Tausch and Heshmati re-confirm the main thrust of the multinational corporation (MNC) penetration sceptical hypotheses and show that on the global level and in the 183 countries analysed there is indeed a very strong connection between foreign capital penetration in the mid-1990s on the one hand and rising inequality, deficient life expectancy, rising unemployment, and a deficient under five mortality rate in the first decade of the new Millennium on the other hand. Economic growth in the contemporary period (2010) is also being determined negatively by the long-term effects of multinational corporation penetration in the mid-1990s, while in the period between 1990 and 2005 the effect was positive. They thus confirm that the approach, established by Bandelji 2009 and Mahutga and Bandelji 2008, is a valid one, and can be generalized on a global level.
In this section, the international public is given access to the statistical data used in the article (PDF document and EXCEL document).
The article is available from the Journal.*
*The Journal Sociología (SK ISSN 0049 – 1225, electronic version ISSN 1336-8613) is published bimonthly by the Institute for Sociology of Slovak Academy of Sciences. The journal is published without interruption since 1969. Since 1997 there are yearly four journal issues in Slovak and two issues in English under the title Sociologia – Slovak Sociological Review.
The journal is indexed in Current Contents: Social & Behavioral Sciences (Thomson ISI) and other databases.
Corvinus University, Budapest, Hungary; Political Science at Innsbruck University, Innsbruck, Austria
TEMEP, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
A public access codebook for the international development research community
Adjunct Professor of Political Science at Innsbruck University, Austria
Box 1: The independent variables
% women in government, all levels is one of the UNDP’s long-term lead indicators of the institutionalization of political feminism. We time-lagged the variable and measured the it by around 1998. It was documented in the NDP HDR 2000. The idea of the indicator is to capture the real advance of women not only at the level of the top political administration of a given country, but at the general level of the central government, i.e. taking the important decision-making ministerial bureaucracies into account as well.
Professeur adjoint de sciences politiques à l’université d’Innsbruck, Autriche
E-mail: Arno.Tausch @ uibk.ac.at
College of Engineering, TEMEP
Seoul National University
San 56-1, Shilim-dong, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul,
151-742 Seoul, South Korea
Docteur en sociologie, Sorbonne, Paris
Email : email@example.com
This article reflects the renewed interest of economics and the social science discipline in value systems and religion. The World Values Survey provided a data framework of global value change, whose quantitative results led Barro (2004) to analyze the connections between some dimensions of recent sociological religious value research with economic growth. The present essay starts from this methodological position, and links value systems with economic performance in a much wider and macrosociological framework. We further develop the well-known Inglehart and Welzel (2003) map of global values, and develop the idea of “Asabiyya” (“social cohesion”), as a counter-model to both Barro and Inglehart and Welzel approaches. A frequently asked question is whether “modernization” without “spiritual values” in a globalized world economy and world society possible in the long run? Starting from principal component analysis, it is shown that rather two factors are decisive in understanding global value change: a continuum of “traditional versus secular”, and a continuum “cheating versus active society”. Asabiyya in the 21st Century, as a way out from the modernization trap of societies, characterized by large-scale social anomaly, is a high secularism combined with a high active society score, thus avoiding the “modernization trap”. Read more
by Donghyun Oh, Almas Heshmati
This study proposes an alternative methodology for measuring environmentally sensitive productivity growth. The rationale of this methodology is to consider the features of technology appropriately by excluding a spurious technical regress based on the macroeconomic perspective. In order to consider this condition and to develop an alternative index, a directional distance function and the concept of the successive sequential production possibility set are combined. With this combination, the conventional Malmquist-Luenberger productivity index is modified to give the alternative sequential environmentally sensitive productivity index. This proposed index is employed in measuring productivity growth and its decomposed components of OECD countries for the period 1970-2003. We distinguish two main empirical findings. First, even though the components of the conventional Malmquist-Luenberger productivity index and the proposed index are different, the developments of productivity are similar. Second, unlike in previous studies, the efficiency change is the main contributor to the earlier study period, whereas the effect of technical change has prevailed over time. Read more