Archive for July 2010

Pakistan’s madrasas reassessed

 By Hichem Karoui,

 The Gulf Today, July 24, 2010

Over the past decade, the US has channeled $11 billion in aid to Pakistan and Afghanistan, with virtually all of it going to the military. Many observers are skeptical, but there is a feeling that without Pakistan’s help, the situation cannot improve in Afghanistan. And there is a need to support democratic development in Pakistan as a way to fight extremism. The education system, as the basis of all societies, needs more care.

Free Islamic education provided by “madrasas” in Pakistan has come under scrutiny in the wake of September 11, 2001. Madrasas have been charged of sowing the seeds of sectarianism and violence in the minds of young people. There were a plethora of analyses and reports and comments in the media and the Think Tanks, with varied levels of objectivity and biases. Madrasas were often linked to Islamic extremism. Even the International Crisis Group (ICG) issued a report (July 2002) distinguishing five types of madrasas, all of them divided “along sectarian and political lines.”  Read more


41 Indicators of Development

A public access codebook for the international development research community


Adjunct Professor of Political Science at Innsbruck University, Austria


Box 1: The independent variables

% women in government, all levels is one of the UNDP’s long-term lead indicators of the institutionalization of political feminism. We time-lagged the variable and measured the it by around 1998. It was documented in the NDP HDR 2000. The idea of the indicator is to capture the real advance of women not only at the level of the top political administration of a given country, but at the general level of the central government, i.e. taking the important decision-making ministerial bureaucracies into account as well.

Read more


Will They Talk?

By Hichem Karoui July 17, 2010
The Gulf Today , July 17, 2010

Just a few days before Netanyahu’s last visit to the White House, the Washington Post (June 25) run a story about Shimon Peres urging the United States and other world powers to engage with Hamas in order to persuade the hardliner group to renounce violence and prepare for peace with Israel. As the Obama administration was preparing to receive the Israeli Prime Minister, the influential magazine Foreign Policy (July 4) run an opinion by Michele Dunne (Editor of Carnegie’s Arab Reform Bulletin), in which she suggests that if Washington does not need at this point to engage directly Hamas, it can do it indirectly. Dunne contends that the only way out of the stalemate is to encourage the reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas instead of impeding it, and to make of it the basis to “broker a power-sharing arrangement,” without which any further negotiations about an Israeli-Palestinian peace would be pipedream. Read more


Look at corporations while sanctioning Iran

By Hichem Karoui   The Gulf Today, July 10, 2010 Iran’s nuclear ambitions will not ease the country’s tense relationships with the international community, since the UN and the Western powers seem determined to follow through with sanctions. Nor President Ahmadi Nejad’s defiance encouraged by the conservative wing of the Mollahs will ease the country’s internal [...]

Can the Peace Process be Saved?

 Michele Dunne, Taghreed El-Khodary, Henri J. Barkey, Nathan J. Brown Monday, June 7, 2010 – Washington, D.C. Courtesy: Carnegie Endowment

Dataset for ‘Globalization, the human condition and sustainable development in the 21st Century.

Social Sciences and Humanities- MESOJ- ISSN 2109-9618- (2010) Volume 1 No 2

‘Cross-national perspectives and European implications’

Dataset, documentation and codebook.

By Arno Tausch, Innsbruck University

French-language sociology in particular, and European sociology in general, as yet did not fully appreciate the full potential of macro-quantitative development research. In this data set for 175 countries, Arno Tausch develops a data framework for the analysis of seven dimensions of development, democracy, growth, environment, gender equality, human development, research and development and social cohesion, and empowers students and researchers around the globe to explain the absolute values of these indicators (EXCEL File Final ata set) and the standardized, UNDP type performance indicators (Excel file UNDP type Index) in a macro-quantitative framework, inviolving the most important universally recognized drivers and bottlenecks of development today, including globalization and migration.

The data sets are for 175 countries each and the sources are fully documented in the codebook. Read more


Which way to Tehran?

Pre-emptive air strike, cumulative diplomacy, technical isolation and the Iranian nuclear crises Henry U. Ufomba and Robert O. Dode The Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research (JPAPR) May 2010 The issue of nuclear proliferation and its impact on the security of humanity remains the critical focus of policies and scholarships on international security since [...]